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In what now is known as Amboro National park, the land adjacent to Cerro Amboro were officially declared a protected area on the 23rd December 1973. But it was not until August 1984 that was legally given the status of National park (ANP) and received some protection from immigrants campesinos, hunters and logging companies. In october 1991 the park triangular area of 400.000 acres was enlarged to 1.500.000 acres by Supreme Decree. In october 1995 Amboro National Park was reduced to1.000.000 acres when its peripheral third was downgraded to an integrated management
Amboro National Park is a large wilderness of one and a half million acres that straddles the eastern foothills of the Andean mountains in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia.I lies edactly at the point where the Andean cordllera turns abruptly north-west, and continues towards southern Peru. After having run 3,000 miles due north from Tierra del Fuego. This elbow and its low-lying hiterland is the meeting point of four very different geographical zones, the southern rim of the Amazona basin (with its humid tropical forest) the western edge of the brasilian shield (with its sub-tropical deciduous forest) limit of the temperate woodland ofh the Chaco and the very diverse subtropical and temparate forest of the Andean mountains themselves. It is not surprising then to find that the park contains eleven Holdridge Life Zones (the same as the whole of Costa Rica) from the warn humid foret of the lowlands to the cactus deserts adn cloud forestof the uplands
This mosaic of ecosystems shelters a correspondingly rich diversity of plants and animals and Amboro´s unique position - lying as it does on the elbow of the Andes - is a major thoroughfare (a bottleneck if you like) around wich many migranting species have to pass to reach their wintering grounds
Since Amboró National Park is essentially a wild jumble of teep hills and deep rivers valleys, much if it inaccessible to even the most determined investigator, this account of its avifauna is presented in the knowledge that we still have a great deal more to learn. And, as this guide has been prepared with the intention of putting, bird and man together (at the latter´s convenience), it include information on place mmediately adjacent to the Area´s legal boundary.
rivers valleys, much if it inaccessible to even the most determined investigator, this account of its avifauna is presented in the knowledge that we still have a great deal more to learn. And, as this guide has been prepared with the intention of putting, bird and man together (at the latter´s convenience), it include information on place mmediately adjacent to the Area´s legal boundary.
With 830 bird species, amboro contains 10% of the known avifauna, 25% of South America´ species, and fully 60% of thoses known to ocur in Bolivia. Nowwhere else in th eworl can the ornithologist find so many dfferent birds in one place.
But Amboro is not just a rich depository of birds, for as a major transition zone, with marked seasonal changes, it is a store house of pioneering plants and animals that share a inherent elasticity of genetic make-up that enables them to survive the vicissitudes of the climatic conditions. One may say: It is the place where Mother Nature beats out her species on Gods anvil o evolution.
We must hope that the bolivian goverment not only come to appreciate the true value of Amboro National park to mankind, but also its vulnerability and the importance of protecting it with the unreserve commintment it reserves
Robin Clarke Gemuseus - Co-founder Amboro National Park -Buena Vista - Bolivia
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